What We Do

The Acoustics Department studies the propagation and scattering of sound. Historically our primary focus has been the ocean and on structures in the ocean using theory and numerical modeling backed by ocean experiments. In the next ten years we plan to strengthen our non-ocean related research efforts.

Our research spans the frequency range from a few hertz to hundreds of kilohertz. We seek to understand and quantitatively predict propagation and scattering (the ‘forward’ problem). These predictions require detailed knowledge of the environment and the material properties of targets. To measure the ocean environment, we collaborate with physical, biological and geophysical oceanographers. Those same collaborations are essential to our development of acoustical oceanography techniques (the ‘inverse’ problem).

A forward problem in environmental acoustics asks, "Given the environment, what is the received signal?" High fidelity forward models then allow us to address the inverse problem, "Given recorded acoustic data, what is the environment?" Solving the forward problem requires a combination of physical understanding, theoretical development, and analytic and numerical modeling. The inverse problem offers many challenges as well, since it may be nonlinear, non-unique, and sensitive to uncertainty in environmental properties and the details of the acoustic data.


  • Acoustic propagation and scattering from volume heterogeneities and surface roughness
  • Undersea acoustic communications
  • Remote sensing of the environment
  • Acoustical oceanography
  • Scattering from objects deployed in the ocean
  • Ambient noise in air and underwater environments
  • Measurement and control of underwater industrial noise
  • Arctic acoustics

Affiliate Members

Philip Marston, WSU

What's New?

TREX13: Target and Reverberation EXperiment 2013

This ocean acoustics experiment measured mid-frequency reverberation and the abilities to detect and classify unexploded ordnance and mine-like targets on the seafloor using synthetic aperture sonar in a shallow water environment off Panama City, FL.   More >>

Acoustic Color of Mines & Mine-Like Objects Kevin Williams, Steven Kargl, Aubrey España (PDF 3 MB)

Acoustic Detection of Unexploded Ordnance Aubrey España's presentation at the 31 Oct 2011 Acoustical Society of America's Webcast on Discoveries in Acoustics (Quicktime Movie, 64 MB)

Acoustic Intensity Properties in an Ocean Waveguide David Dall-Osto, Peter H. Dahl (PPT 2 MB)

Modeling a Spiral Wave Front Source in an Ocean Environment Brian T. Hefner, Benjamin R. Dzikowicz (PDF 15.6 MB)

Pressure-particle Velocity Coherence David Dall-Osto, Peter H. Dahl (PPT 3 MB)

Physics-Based Inversion of High-Frequency Multibeam Sonar Data Darrell Jackson and Brian T. Hefner (PDF 250 Kb)

In the News

Bowhead whales heard singing unique new songs


12 Jan 2015

The bowhead whale has the most impressive song repertoire of all whales, and scientists have just recorded 12 unique songs being sung by bowhead whales on their annual migration.

Mystery of bowhead whale song

Everett Herald,

16 Mar 2014

Oceanographer Kate Stafford of the University of Washington%u2019s Applied Physics Laboratory, is researching the sounds of bowhead whales in Fram Strait off the coast of Greenland. Based on the song diversity, loudness and period over which the songs were recorded, western Fram Strait appears to be a wintering ground and potentially a mating area, as well.

Whales, ships more common through Bering Strait

UW News and Information,

26 Feb 2014

The Arctic is home to a growing number of whales and ships, and to populations of sub-Arctic whales that are expanding their territory into newly ice-free Arctic waters.

Recent Papers

Ivakin, A.N., "Modeling of Mid-Frequency Reverberation in Very Shallow Water: A Green's Function Approach and Application to TREX2013 Data Analysis," Technical Report, APL-UW TR 1502, Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, September 2015.

22 Sep 2015, Link

Lucey, W.G., E. Henniger, E. Abraham, G. O'Corry-Crowe, K.M. Stafford, and M. Castellote, "Traditional knowledge and historical and opportunistic sightings of beluga whales, Delphinapterus leucas, in Yakutat Bay, Alaska, 1938–2013," Mar. Fish. Rev., 77, 41-46, do:10.7755/MFR.77.1.4, 2015.

1 Jul 2015, Link

Castellote, M., K.M. Stafford, A.D. Neff, and W. Lucey, "Acoustic monitoring and prey association for beluga whale, Delphinapterus leucas, and harbor porpoise, Phocoena phocoena, off two river mouths in Yakutat Bay, Alaska," Mar. Fish. Rev., 77, 1-10, doi:10.7755/MFR.77.1.1, 2015.

1 Jul 2015, Link

Educational Opportunities

Graduate and undergraduate students can work under the tutelage of the Acoustics Department investigators through their respective home UW academic colleges, including oceanography, engineering, and earth and space sciences.  More >>

Dr. Peter Dahl, for example, teaches Applied Acoustics (Mechanical Engineering 525), which introduces acoustics through its various applications and sub-fields, such as underwater sound (inlcuding sonar), medical ultrasound, and noise control and vibration.